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Amethyst has been highly esteemed throughout the ages for its stunning beauty and legendary powers to stimulate, and soothe, the mind and emotions. It is a semi-precious stone in today’s classifications, but to the ancients, it was a “Gem of Fire"; a Precious Stone worth, at times in history, as much as a Diamond. Amethyst has always been associated with February, the month the Romans dedicated to Neptune, their water-god. Therefore, it should be no surprise that it is the traditional birthstone of that month. It is the stone of St. Valentine and faithful love and signifies ecclesiastical dignity as the Bishop’s Stone. It carries the energy of fire and passion, creativity and spirituality; yet bears the logic of temperance and sobriety.
February's birthstone, Amethyst is also the favored gift for the 1st. and 6th wedding anniversaries, historically symbolizing sincerity and sacred love, optimism and good fortune.
A member of the quartz family, amethyst comes in a variety of purple shades of varying intensity from pale lilac to reddish or bluish violet to deep purple. Amethyst is sometimes enhanced by traditional heating methods to lighten color and / or remove smoky components. Certain amethyst are heated to produce citrine (yellow) and green quartz (also called prasiolite) When you see citrine (yellow) and amethyst (purple) grown together it is called Ametrine. Consult your jeweler for the best jewelry cleaning solution. Ultrasonic cleaners are safe but steamers are not.
Emerald is prized for its rich green color as far back as the pharaohs of ancient Egypt, emerald boast a long history as a jewel fit for kings and queens. It is believed to bring health and wealth to its owner and enlightens the aura of those who wear it.
May's birthstone, emerald also is the chosen gift for the 20th or 35th wedding anniversary. Upheld as a symbol of devotion, contentment and undying love, emerald traditionally has been thought to protect and renew relationships.
The sister to aquamarine and a member of the beryl family, emerald is known for its distinctive color. The shades of green in which emerald is found can vary from light to dark, sometimes revealing a cool blue-green or warm yellowish-green. The more vivid the color, the more valuable the emerald. Another value factor is size, with emeralds over 2 carats being rare.
Traditional emerald enhancements include oil and resin, which helps fill natural fractures and inclusions, thereby stabilizing the gemstone. Emeralds require special care when wearing and cleaning. Avoid impacts and contact with harsh chemicals. It is wise to consult your jeweler on emerald care.
The gem of plenty, Garnet is one of the few gemstone varieties that span a broad spectrum of color. Named for its likeness to pomegranate seeds, garnet is best known for its shades of red. But most are surprised to learn that garnet is found in multiple hue of pink, purple, green, yellow, orange and brown.
January's birthday, garnet is also the suggested gift for the 2nd wedding anniversary. Garnet has historically signified faith, friendship, loyalty and truthfulness. Believed to calm anxiety, cheer the heart, encourage guidance and inspire creativity, garnet illuminates the bright disposition of those who wear it.
A majority of the garnet varieties can be classified as one or a mixture of five types: Almandine, the most common type, is dark red to brownish-red. Pyrope is a deep vivid red. A blend of pyrope and almandine is rhodolite, a light to dark pink to purplish red. Andradite comes in yellow, green, or brown, known as demantoid when emerald in color. Grossular garnet comes in yellow, orange and brown, known as tsavorite in its green variety and hessonite when cinnamon-colored. Spessartine comes in shades from reddish-brown to yellow orange. Consult with your jewelers on cleaning instructions. An ultrasonic cleaner is safe for most varieties except andradite (demantoid). Steam cleaners are not recommended.
The strong citrus tones of this gem type are an unusual quality in the Quartz family. While its sister Citrine enjoys the golden-orange, yellow tones of the sunset, Lemon Quartz has the fresh, vibrant nature of lemon groves in summer. This sensitive tone not only works well in female jewellery but also suits gents cufflinks.
The only difference between Citrine and Lemon Quartz is in the saturation and tone of their colour. Many gem dealers do not even separate the two and use the name Citrine for all yellow Quartz. The gem looks vibrant when set into yellow gold; however, it really steals the show when set into either silver or white gold.